# The remainder theorem pdf

This is true for the course feed of my online cat coaching course as well. If px is any polynomial, then the remainder after division by x. According to this theorem, if we divide a polynomial px by a factor x a. The chinese remainder theorem and its application in a. Use polynomial division in reallife problems, such as finding a. Remainder theorem and factor theorem worksheets teaching. Then there is a point a wilsons theorem for cat pdf gives the clear explanation and example questions for wilsons theorem. State and prove remainder theorem and factor theorem. The factor theorem 5 0 5 10 012345 y x the previous section was really about going from the factored form of the equation to the geometric form of the graph. This is because the tool is presented as a theorem with a proof, and you probably dont feel ready for proofs at this stage in your studies. The correspondence with the chinese remainder theorem will take some time to develop, but here it is quickly, for n 3 for notational simplicity.

This remainder that has been obtained is actually a value of px at x a. If fx is divided by the linear polynomial xa then the remainder is fa. Of course, the formula in the proof of the chinese remainder theorem is not the only way to solve such problems. The chinese remainder theorem 291 where a, b, c are natural numbers, was the same as the congruence ax b mod c. The remainder theorem of polynomials gives us a link between the remainder and its dividend. The chinese remainder theorem loyola university chicago. Synthetic division in this section you will learn to. The remainder and factor theorems divide using synthetic division.

Now we go the other way, and get information about the factors from the picture. Polynomial remainder theorem proof and solved examples. We are now in a position to restate the remainder theorem when the divisor is of the form. Consider multiple of 9, 9, does not leave a remainder of 1 from 5. This result is generalized in the remainder theorem. You can see that many times questions are asked in cat previous question papers.

The remainder theorems in cat consists of questions on wilson theorem, chinese remainder theorem and fermats little theorem. Mathematics support centre,coventry university, 2001 mathematics support centre title. In this case, we expect the solution to be a congruence as well. The remainder theorem is useful for evaluating polynomials at a given value of x, though it might not seem so, at least at first blush. Chinese remainder theorem tells us that there is a unique solution modulo m, where m 11. We apply the technique of the chinese remainder theorem with k 4, m 1 11, m 2 16, m 3 21, m 4 25, a 1 6, a 2, a 3 9, a 4 19, to obtain the solution. Let fx be any polynomial of degree greater than or equal to one and let a be any number. Although we only proved one implication, one can actually show that the crt is. Cargal 12 card dealing and the chinese remainder theorem many classroom exercises involve dealing cards. Number theory, probability, algorithms, and other stuff by j. The remainder theorem if is any polynomial and is divided by then the remainder is. Remainder theorem the simplest equation to solve in a basic algebra class is the equation ax b, with solution x b a, provided a.

The simplest congruence to solve is the linear congruence, ax bpmod mq. D d pmpaxd 2eo bw 6i ktfh y ei znxfoi onsi nt wet ja 1lvgheubvr va x f2 e. For proving the existance of the quotient and remainder, given two integers a and bwith varying q. The remainder theorem states that when a polynomial in px, x, is divided by a binomial of the form xa, the remainder is pa. On completion of this worksheet you should be able to use the remainder and factor theorems to find factors of polynomials. Section 4 the factor theorem and roots of polynomials.

As a matter of fact, a large percentage of cat quantitative aptitude questions and doubts on any public forum pagalguy quora facebook will be dealing with remainders. In this page given definition and proof for remainder theorem and factor theorem and also provided application of remainder theorem and factor theorem. We apply the technique of the chinese remainder theorem with k 4, m 1 11, m 2 16, m 3 21, m 4 25, a 1 6, a 2, a 3 9, a 4 19, to obtain the. As you may recall, all of the polynomials in theorem 3. Remainder theorem comes under the topic of number systems for cat. Thus the system 2 is equivalent to a single congruence modulo n. By solving this by the chinese remainder theorem, we also solve the original system. For example, if 5x 7 pmod 12q, then one solution is x 11 since 5 11 7 48. Find the roots and multiplicities for the following prob. Remainder and factor theorem algebra ii quiz quizizz. Remainder theorem for cat pdf consists of the remainder theorems useful for cat and also questions on cat remainder theorem. Therefore the system of congruences in example 2 may be converted into 100x 32 mod 83 70 rood 110 30 mod 5, and that in example 3 into 6172608x 193440 mod 1014000. As polynomials, x x 1, x x 2, and x x 3 are pairwise coprime, and we can instead think about solving the system of congruences px y 1 mod x x 1 px y 2 mod x x 2 px y 3 mod x x 3 3. The remainder theorem and the factor theorem remainder.

Students would use the remainder theorem to find the remainder when a polynomial is divided by xa withou. The taylor remainder theorem james keesling in this post we give a proof of the taylor remainder theorem. Use the remainder theorem to find the remainder for each division. Historical development of the chinese remainder theorem. It is a very simple proof and only assumes rolles theorem. Use synthetic division to find the remainder of x3 2x2 4x 3 for the factor x 3. Chapter 12 out of 37 from discrete mathematics for neophytes. This theorem is easy to remember the questions will be generally asked on the application of this theorem. Pdf a generalization of the remainder theorem and factor theorem. Let p x be any polynomial of degree greater than or equal to one and a be any real number. Detailed typed answers are provided to every question. Use synthetic division to evaluate 3x4 2x2 5x 1 when x 3 a.

Divide polynomials and relate the result to the remainder theorem and the factor theorem. Olympiad number theory through challenging problems. Proving that this quotient and remainder pair are unique. Suppose dx and px are nonzero polynomials where the degree of p is greater than or equal to the. This is a quick inclass exercise on factor and remainder theorem worksheet with additional exercise. Factor theorem, we only need to evaluate pa from the remainder theorem. Remainder theorem is an approach of euclidean division of polynomials. State whether the binomial is a factor of the polynomial 6. Remember, we started with a third degree polynomial and divided by a rst degree polynomial, so the quotient is a second degree polynomial. In this lesson, students are primarily working on exercises that lead them to the concept of the remainder theorem, the connection between factors and zeros of a. Pdf we propose a generalization of the classical remainder theorem for polynomials over commutative coefficient rings that allows. If p x is divided by the linear polynomial x a, then the remainder is p a. This section discusses the historical method of solving higher degree polynomial equations.

In math 521 i use this form of the remainder term which eliminates the case distinction between a. Remainders, as a topic, confuses a lot of students. Worksheet given in this section will be much useful for the students who would like to practice solving problems on remainder theorem and factor theorem. So, our answer is a number which leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by 5 and is divisible by 9. To be precise, the intersections of the graph with the xaxis tell us about the factors of the. We apply the remainder theorem to obtain the remainder when %. These are three tiered worksheets on the remainder theorem and the factor theorem, starts off very basic, and ending with problem solving questions. The factor theorem is another application of the remainder theorem. Remainder and factor theorems 319 the division algorithm if and are polynomials, with and the degree of is less than or equal to the degree of then there exist unique polynomials and such that the remainder, equals 0 or it is of. Repeated application of the factor theorem may be used to factorize the polynomial.

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